Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib – A Brief Life Sketch

The Promised Messiah asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" was shown many true visions and prophecies regarding future events in his lifetime due to his immensely strong connection with Allah the Almighty. On one such occasion Huzoor asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" was told by Allah the Almighty:

سبحان اللّٰہ تبارک وتعالیٰ زاد مجدک۔

ینقطع آباءک ویبدء منک نصرت بالرعب و احییت بالصدیق۔

نصرت وقالوا لات حین مناص۔

That “All praises are due to God, the Most Blessed and Exalted. He increased your family prestige with your existence. Now it will happen that in the future the mention of your ancestors will be cut off and the family will start with you”.

Over the course of history we can bear witness to some of the great personalities that Allah the Almighty has blessed our community with. Whether worldly successes followed them or spiritual success, these colossal personalities have all left a mark in the history of mankind in their own unique ways.

After the demise of the Promised Messiah asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him", the Community was in an incredibly vulnerable and precarious state. However Allah the Almighty showed his hand by gifting it Hadrat Hakeem Maulvi Noorudeen Sahib raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them", the first caliph of the Ahmadiyya Community. Hadrat Hakeem Maulvi Noorudeen Sahib raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them" was a talented author, eminent scholar, extraordinary pious being and a theologian par excellence. He was very well versed in Medicine, and was a Royal Physician to the Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir for many years. People from all walks of life would come to Hakeem Sahib for their treatment.

The Holy Prophet Muhammad saabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" himself had given the glad tidings of the advent of a spiritual, pious and Promised son of the Mahdi at a time when Islam would be in a stage of decline and depression. He prophesied that he would come with a mission to revive and strengthen Islam, The Holy Prophet saabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" called this Holy Spiritual son the Musleh (Reformer), and the “Promised one”. This was Hadrat Mirza Bashirudeen Mahmood Ahmad raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them", another immensely prominent personality of our Community. Then the Promised Messiah’s asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" second son Mirza Bashir Ahmad sahib M.A. raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them" or “The moon of the prophets” was also a gem gifted to our Community from Allah Himself.

In terms of the world there have been countless individuals who have passed through. Sir Chaudhry Muhammad Zafrullah Khan Sahib raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them" was a barrister by profession but was also a Pakistani politician, diplomat, and international jurist, known particularly for his representation of Pakistan at the United Nations. He was also the president of the UN General Assembly from 1962-63 and is also among those great people of our community. Dr Abdus Salaam Sahib was the first Nobel laureate from Pakistan to ever win the prestigious award for his works in Physics in 1979 and is also among the talented people who Allah had blessed abundantly.

Hence we can see that many people who were granted success in the world and in spirituality have been members of this Community. However the person whom I shall be writing about is a person who equally fits the criteria of these great people. His name is Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib (M.M. Ahmad sahib) May Allah bless his soul and grant him the loftiest rank in Paradise. Ameen!

Family & Background

Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib was born on the 28th of February 1913 in Qadian, District Gurdaspur, India. He was the son of Hadrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad sahib M.A raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them" and Respected Sarwar Satan Sahiba raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them", hence he was the direct grandson of Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him". He was brought up in Qadian and spent the majority of his childhood there, among the pious companions of the late Promised Messiah asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" and the first and second caliphs of the community.

Education

His early education was completed when he passed out of the Community run school in Qadian by the name of ‘Taleem-ul-Islam High school’. He enrolled in to the Government college of Lahore in 1929, upon the suggestion of his father and went on to study in this college for six years. At the time, Government College Lahore or GCL was one of the most prestigious colleges in the subcontinent and Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar sahib went on to attain his Master’s degree from there in History. In an interview regarding his biography, Mian sahib stated that this very college was at a time when “a galaxy of scholars of science and literature came down in Government College Lahore. Qazi Fazl Haq used to teach Arabic. The famous Persian teacher and poet Sufi Sahib (Sufi Ghulam Mustafa Tabasim) was also there. Therefore, a galaxy of scholars of science and literature came down in Government College Lahore”. After obtaining his master’s degree from the Government College Lahore, Mian sahib decided to go to England for further higher education. He was the first grandson of the Promised Messiah asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him" to travel abroad for education and held this unique title.

In 1933, Mian sahib travelled to London to complete his education for the ICS or the Indian Civil Service. The ICS was the higher civil service of the British Empire in India during British rule in the period between 1858 and 1947. Essentially the ICS was “responsible for overseeing all government activity in the 250 districts that comprised British India”. After he was enrolled at the London School of Nursing for a BA Honours, he also enrolled in the Middle Temple for a law degree. After he received his BA Honours from London University, he also passed Part One but could not do his Part Two of Law due to already having his ICS. After doing the ICS, Mian Sahib was given a one year probation. Hence he spent this period at Oxford University. He returned to India in 1938 after spending six years in the famous academic schools of England.

After returning from England, Mian Sahib’s first posting was as an Assistant Commissioner in Multan.

Significant Achievements & Political Career:

Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad sahib’s most valuable contribution was in the signing of the Indus Basin Treaty and the procurement of development assistance from bilateral and multilateral donors for the construction of Mangla and Tarbela Dams as well as a huge irrigation network.

The Indus Basin Treaty was a treaty signed between India and Pakistan in September 1960 and established a deal between the two countries on how fixed and delimited the rights and obligations of both countries regarding the use of the waters of the Indus River system were. The treaty gave the waters of the western rivers (the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab) to Pakistan and those of the eastern rivers (the Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej) to India. It also provided for the funding and building of dams, link canals, barrages, and tube wells, notably the Tarbela Dam on the Indus River and the Mangla Dam on the Jhelum River. Hence, this was a very important deal for the establishment of Pakistan as it allowed Pakistan to begin developments on this key water network. At that time, Mian Sahib was in Lahore and was the Federal Finance Secretary of the state of Pakistan.

Many high ranking and highly skilled civil servants played major roles in establishing the state of Pakistan. Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib was among these servants and went to Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital, where he served in a number of senior positions, including secretary of commerce, secretary of finance, and deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.

At this point in his career Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib was arguably the most powerful civil servant in Pakistan, with supervisory authority over all three ministries mentioned above.

Mirza Sahib’s contribution to the process of economic development was recognised by President Ayub Khan in a presidential address in 1967, celebrating 20 years of an independent Pakistan. When General Yahya Khan deposed President Ayub Khan and placed Pakistan under martial law, Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad sahib was appointed adviser to the new president and given the rank of a federal minister. During his service, Pakistan underwent rapid industrialisation and growth. This received acknowledgment both within Pakistan and amongst the international development community. Mian Sahib’s success was attributable to his ability to assemble a highly capable team of economists, planners and engineers such as the late Dr Mahbub ul Haq, Sartaj Aziz and many others.

During the partition period of Pakistan and Bangladesh (or East and West Pakistan), two separate committees were set up, One headed by Dr Pervez Hasan, West Pakistan’s Chief Economist, and the other by Professor Nurul Islam, a Bengali economist, to resolve the differences between the two provinces. They both reached two different conclusions and the matter was presented to Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib resulting in the conflicts being resolved.

His signature would also appear later on the Bank of Pakistan Rupee note.

Pakistani rupee note with signature of Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Sahib
Pakistani rupee note with signature of Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Sahib

Hate Campaign and Failed Assassination Attempt

As the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community began facing a growing rise in enmity and hatred in Pakistan in the 1970s, violence and persecution began to increase against its members also. On the 15th of September 1971, a Capital Development Authority or CDA employee and lift operator by the name of Muhammad Aslam Qureshi attempted to stab Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib to death with a knife inside the ministry.

Luckily he was unsuccessful. However Mian sahib sustained serious injuries and was immediately rushed to the hospital. The motive for the attack was due to “MM Ahmad being the target of the right-wing Urdu press, due to his faith and the prominence of his position. Militantly religious forces which had been suppressed in the Ayub Khan era felt emboldened under the subsequent Yahya Khan government which strongly backed them against left-wing and ethnic parties.”

“Aslam Qureshi was subsequently tried and convicted for attempted murder by a military court, but released early by Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as part of his accommodation with Islamist parties in 1973-74. Qureshi’s legal defence was provided for free by PML member Raja Zafar ul Haq who organised support along with a number of other Rawalpindi Bar Association members.”

Following this attack, Mian sahib moved to the United States of America in late 1971. In 1972, he joined the World Bank and Served as Director of the World Bank and as Executive Secretary on the staff of the IMF. He retired from here in 1984.

Conclusion

In 1989, Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib received the honour of serving as the President of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama’at in the United States of America. Under Beloved Hadrat Khalifatul Masih IV rhabbreviation for "May Allah have mercy on him/her/them" leadership and prayers, Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib fulfilled his role to the best of his capabilities and served in the best of manners. Under his leadership, the American branch of the Community saw a lot of blessings come to light from Allah the Almighty. Under his wing the American branch saw a great growth in the financial blessings given by Allah to the Community. A new structural format was implanted which helped nurture the auxiliary branches of the Community in America. He also helped relaunch the jama’at’s ‘Muslim Sunrise’ magazine which was originally founded by the Community’s first missionary, Hadrat Mufti Muhammad Sadiq Sahib raabbreviation for "May Allah be pleased with him/her/them" in 1921 in America. Taking the jama’at’s youth into consideration, Mian sahib greatly cared for this magazine and wished for the Jama’at’s youth to remain connected, educated, and ready to deflect and counter any allegations and attacks against the jama’at. The education and reformation of the youth mattered greatly to him as he understood that one day these children would be holding the reigns of the Community in America. To further boost education for the youth, he launched the “Al-Hilal” magazine which runs to this day as a monthly edition. He was the first nonmissionary Ameer of the jama’at in America and would always handle every matter with extreme care and wisdom and would display his high skill set throughout his work. His level of humility was unmatched so much so that many never realised that he was the direct grandson of the Promised Messiah asabbreviation for "Peace be upon him".

Some Fond Memories

Dr. Nasim Rehmatullah Sahib writes regarding Mian Sahib that, “Whenever he wrote to Huzoor, he would write and rewrite his letters, making sure the letters were concise and to the point, as not to infringe unnecessarily on Hadrat Khalifatul Masih’s time.”

“In 1998, when Huzoor rhabbreviation for "May Allah have mercy on him/her/them" was here for Jalsa Salana USA, and as was Huzoor’s rhabbreviation for "May Allah have mercy on him/her/them" custom, Huzoor rhabbreviation for "May Allah have mercy on him/her/them" was staying at Mian Sahib’s house. At Fajr prayers at Mian Sahib’s house, some of us would also join in the prayers. Mian Sahib would say his prayers sitting on a chair at the extreme right of the front row. After the prayers were over, Huzoor rhabbreviation for "May Allah have mercy on him/her/them" would turn around on the prayer mat and talk to the gathering. During this process, Mian Sahib would slowly and unnoticeably slide off the chair and sit on the ground to be at the same level as Huzoor rhabbreviation for "May Allah have mercy on him/her/them". He did this despite the pain and difficulty he felt sitting on the ground.”

“Another tribute of Mian Sahib was his humility and simplicity. Mian Sahib, with his notable stature and accomplishments, consistently maintained humility, never boasting through his words or actions that he stood above others.”

Dr Sahib further writes:

“Mian Sahib gave precedence to others over his own self. Once at a wedding, he tripped and banged his leg on an object. He got up and sat down on a chair through the wedding as if nothing had happened. When I went to see him a few days later, he had a big haematoma on his leg. He told me that he felt the haematoma developing as he was sitting at the wedding but he would not disrupt the happiness of the occasion by drawing attention to himself.”

On the 23rd of July 2002 Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib met his Beloved Creator and passed away in the early hours of Tuesday morning. He left behind his wife Mrs. Amtul Qayyum Sahiba, and his son Zahir Ahmad Sahib as well as his two grandchildren, Muhammad Sahib and Maryam Sahiba.

A great and humble servant like no other, the sign Respected Mian Sahib left on the world was remarkable. His lifetime achievements are unique and blessed. He was an incredibly pious and noble man and had a strong connection with his Creator. He would always speak to people with intense love and care and would always smile.. Sahibzada Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad Sahib will be remembered for his dedication to public service and for the lesson he taught in asking his Community members to ask themselves: “What have I done for my community today? “His service and dedication to the Jama’at is inspirational to look at and can be seen even in His final days which were spent in a hospital bed, He asked his assistant “Did you bring my mail today?”.

He passed away peacefully at the age of 97. May Allah bless this beloved servant of Khilafat and continually elevate his rank in paradise. Ameen.

Disclaimer

This article was originally published in the Annual Printed Edition of Majallatul Jamia

Jazeb Hafeeez

Jazeb Hafeeez

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